Alipore Independence Museum: Location, Timing, History

The Alipore Jail will transform to Alipore Independence Museum which is a part of Alipore Area Development Project. Here political prisoners were kept under British rule, among them Subhas Chandra Bose.The Alipore Central Correctional Home has already been shifted to Baruipur in South 24-Parganas. The West Bengal government will operate the museum. . It is going to be constructed by West Bengal Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation.

Alipore Independence Museum

Location Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Type        Independence Museam
Owner West Bengal Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation

Alipore Independence Museum Starting Date

Alipore Independence Museum is likely to be inaugurated in the recent months.

Timing of Alipore Independence Museum

Not announced till now

Alipore Independence Museum Location

Alipore Independence Museum is located at 17 Judges Court Road, Gopalnagar, Alipore, Kolkata, West Bengal 700027 near Survey Building.

Brief History Of Alipore Jail

  • Commonly referred as ‘Old Alipore Jail’, Presidency Correctional Home got the status of first Central Prison in Bengal in the year 1864
  • Officials said that Alipore Jail  was  started functioning from 1906.
  • Alipore Central Jail  the place where the highest number of revolutionaries had been hanged.
  • Many freedom fighters martyred themselves, being hanged to death, at the gallows of these jails for fighting for the cause of India’s freedom.
Martyro Hanged on
  Anantahari Mitra 28.09.1926
Promod Ranjan Chowdhury 28.09.1926
Denesh Gupta 07.07.1931
Ramkrishna Biswas 04.08.1931
Dinesh Majumdar 09.06.1936
  • During the freedom movement against the British regime, some great sons of Bengal as well as eminent national leaders were imprisoned in these jails.
  • Sri Aurobindo (May 1908 – May 1909), imprisoned after the Alipore bomb case.
  • Among prominent nationalist leaders who had spent jail term at Alipore Central Jail included Subhas Chandra Bose ,K.Kamaraj (1930) ,Ramakrishna Biswas,Bidhan Chandra Roy (1930),Charu Mazumdar,Pramod Ranjan Choudhury (1926),Dr. Jack Preger, MBE (1981),P. Kakkan,Charu Chandra Bose,Sarat Ch Bose, Bina Das, Suhasini Ganguly, Kamala Dasgupta, Lila Roy, Ujjala Majumdar, Ex-Chief Ministers – Prafulla Chandra Sen and Jyoti Basu and those executed include Kanailal Dutta, Satyendra Nath Bose, Birendra Nath Dutta Gupta and Gopi Mohan Saha.
  • There are some beautiful two-storied red brick building being preserved by us in deference to the sacred memory of the nation’s heroes . This buliding Name as Netaji Bhavan,Nehru Bhavan. 

Alipore Independence Museum Images

Alipore Independence Museum Images

Alipore Independence Museum – Cell 

1. Aurobindo Cell –

Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was imprisoned in a solitary cell 6 Degree, at Presidency Jail in connection with famous ‘Alipore Bomb Case’ from 2.5.1908 to 09.05.1909.  Now visitor can visit the premises from different parts to pay homage to him .

2. Subhas Cell –

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, another great freedom fighter of India was imprisoned by the British Government from 02.07.1940 to 05.12.1940. Visitor can visit the Subhas Cell .

3. Nehru Bhavan –

The first Prime Minister of India Sri Jawaharlal Nehru was incarcerated in a cell of this building  from 17.02.1934 to 07.05.1934 by the British Government. This one storey building is now known as ‘Nehru Bhavan’ .

4. Dr. B.C.Roy Cell –

Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, the first Chief Minister and architect of West Bengal was incarcerated in cell no. 4 at the ground floor of the ‘Netaji Bhavan’ from 05.09.1930 to 16.01.1931.

Other important cell are Deshbandhu Cell (cell no-8) , Deshapriya Cell (Cell No- 6)  at the ground floor of the ‘Netaji Bhavan’.

How to Reach Alipore Independence Museum

There are so many way to reach Alipore Independence Museum. You will get direct bus from Howrah station or Sealdha Station . Also you can book the cab for the museum.

Why Should You visit Alipore Independence Museum

  • It is a Unesco World Heritage Site and spread over an area of 15.2 acres.
  • To attract visitors the authorities have planned a light and sound show for 30-40 minutes daily in the evening.
  • The museum would exhibit old paintings, newspaper cuttings, models and representation of migrants during that period.
  • Freedom fighters like Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Chittaranjan Das, Aurobindo Ghosh who were lodged at the old Alipore jail during freedom struggle would be featured.
  • This will be the second partition museum in the country post the Partition Museum in Amritsar.
  • Freedom fighters were lodged will be restored afresh and will have detailed information on their lives and work.

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