Kolkata — our city, our identity, our soul. We the people of this magnificent city love it like anything. We may go anywhere on this planet but we are “The Kolkatan” at the bottom of our heart and can never ignore the call of this city; very rightly called “The city of Joy”. It is the capital of West Bengal & the commercial capital of Eastern India. The city is noted for its revolutionary history, ranging from the Indian struggle for independence to the leftist and trade union movements. Once the center of modern education, science, culture and politics in India, Kolkata has given this country many gems. Let’s know this historic city a little more closely.
Etymology: – The name Kolkata and the anglicized name Calcutta have their roots in Kalikata, the name of one of the three villages (Kalikata, Sutanati & Govindapur) in the area before the arrival of the British. Kalikata”, in turn, is believed to be a version of Kalikshetra (the place of goddess Kali). Another theory is that the place used to specialize in quicklime (kali chun) and coir rope (kátá) and hence the place was called Kalikata.
While the city’s name was always pronounced “Kolkata” or “Kolikata” in the local Bengali Language, its official English name was changed from “Calcutta” to “Kolkata” in 2001, reflecting the Bengali pronunciation and to show respect to the emotion of the Bengali people. Some view this as a move to erase the legacy of British rule.